Muscular dystrophy is the term used for a range of muscle wasting conditions affecting children. The main types that affect children are: Duchenne, Becker, Spinal Muscle Atrophy (SMA) limb girdle and Charcot Marie Tooth / Hereditary Motor Sensory Neuropathy (HMSN). There is a gradual loss of muscle bulk and power with a loss of function in arms, legs and/or trunk.
How can physiotherapy help?
Physiotherapy can help maintain quality of life in the following ways:
- slow the onset of muscle contractures with active therapy and positioning
- maintain mobility
- optimise the strength of muscles
- maintain function by advising on appropriate equipment/aids
- optimise respiratory function
- recommend appropriate adjuncts to treatment, such as hydrotherapy and orthotics
- advise on environmental adaptations and switches for technological devices
- recommend and refer to appropriate sporting activities
- liaison with NHS therapy providers